What is the importance of coffee as a crop?
Coffee production plays major role in widely traded commodity crops in the world. Coffee is one of important major export crop for many countries. There are many species of coffee are grown in the world.
Where is coffee grown in the world?
Coffee plants are cultivated in over 70 countries, primarily in the equatorial regions of the Americas, Southeast Asia, the Indian subcontinent, and Africa. As of 2018 , Brazil was the leading grower of coffee beans, producing 35% of the world total.
How did coffee become the most sought commodity in the world?
Some crops flourished, while others were short-lived. New nations were established on coffee economies. Fortunes were made and lost. By the end of the 18th century, coffee had become one of the world’s most profitable export crops. After crude oil, coffee is the most sought commodity in the world.
What is the percentage of coffee production in the world?
However, “coffea arabica” accounts for major portion of coffee production (an about 70 to 80%). Other species of coffee “coffea canephora” is accountable for about 20 % of world production. When it comes to coffee tree and beans, the coffee trees produce purple or red edible fruits (cherries).